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UN Framework Classification – a tool for Sustainable Resource Management

With the global increase of raw material consumption there is a growing need for standardized decision support tools for sustainable resource management both at global and EU-levels. The United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) integrated into the UN Resource Management System (UNRMS) might be such a tool by handling the level of confidence (geological knowledge), feasibility of a project and economic and social-environmental considerations. UNFC provides a uniform approach to understanding and managing the full diversity of earth resources ranging from energy and non-energy minerals over renewables and anthropogenic resources to groundwater. It provides a set of rules for bridging between national/regional and internationally recognized systems (e.g. CRIRSCO family) and provides flexibility to and assess projects according to national/regional legislations. Many European countries have related publications, tests and developed guidance documents. EuroGeoSurveys (, as the community of European National Geological Surveys have supported projects for the development of a common language for raw materials and co-operatation with the Expert Group on Resource Management (EGRM) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE, Applications have been proved in former EU-cofinanced projects. MINERALS4EU ( and ORAMA ( dealt with the mineral intelligence and raw materials data optimization for Europe. Through GeoERA ( the MINTELL4EU ( is developing number of test cases on the applicability the UNFC in practice. The FRAME ( project provides UNFC case studies for strategic raw materials and MINEA ( deals with secondary resources. This publication presents EuroGeoSurveys activites with UNFC and demonstrates practical case studies.


Zoltán Horváth (1), Daniel de Oliveira (2), Kari Aslaksen Aasly (3), Mark Simoni (3), Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen (4), David Whitehead (4), Antje Wittenberg (5), Ulrich Kral (6), Charlotte Griffiths (7), Harikrishnan Tulsidas (7) & Slavko Solar (8)
Mining and Geological Suvey of Hungary (MBFSZ), 1145 Budapest, Hungary (1); National Laboratory for Energy and Geology (LNEG), Estrada da Portela, Amadora, Portugal (2); The Geological Survey of Norway, Trondheim, Norway (3); The Geological Survey of Norway, Trondheim, Norway (3); Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen, Denmark (4); Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen, Denmark (4); Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, BGR, Hannover, Germany (5); Technische Universität Wien Faculty of Civil Engineering Research Center for Waste and Resource Management, Vienna, Austria (6); United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, Switzerland (7); United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland (7); EuroGeoSurveys, Brussels, Belgium (8);
GeoUtrecht 2020