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The cause for HFSE enrichment in foidolite-carbonatite complexes

The Gardiner (E-Greenland) and Kovdor (Russia) alkaline complexes display a similar succession of rock types comprising dunites-pyroxenites, ijolite series rocks, melilitolites and carbonatites. Although similar melanephelinitic parental magmas are suggested for both complexes, they display enrichment in HFSE at strikingly different evolutionary stages: At Kovdor, melilitolites are barren but carbonatites are mineralized with HFSE. In contrast, melilitolites at Gardiner contain ore-grade accumulates of perovskite having wt.%-level contents of Nb, Ta and REE, while associated carbonatites are barren. Previous studies suggested that HFSE-poor carbonatites at Gardiner were formed by liquid immiscibility while Kovdor carbonatites result from fractional crystallization and retained high HFSE contents. These two evolutionary trends were explained by a different CO2-dependent stability of melilite vs. clinopyroxene+nepheline+calcite during the ijolite stage [1]. However, it is poorly investigated how the HFSE budget is affected by the crystallization of Ti-phases during different stages of the magmatic evolution, which are stabilized depending on magma composition (i.e. aTiO2, aSiO2) but also on intensive parameters such as P, T, and fO2 [2]. Preliminary results suggest that, in contrast to Kovdor, magmas at Gardiner had physiochemical conditions which favoured abundant crystallization of Ti-phases along with co-precipitation of HFSE earlier in the sequence. This is supported by (1) pyroxenites with abundant Ti-magnetite and ilmenite, (2) titanite-rich ijolites and (3) perovskite-rich melilitolites. Possibly, Ti-rich melts reflect a distinct mantle regime beneath E-Greenland, which also produced anomalously Ti-enriched flood basalts ~6-10 Ma before. [1] Veksler et al. (1998) J.Pet. 39, 2015-2031; [2] Marks et al. (2008) CG 257, 153-172


Dominik Gudelius1, Michael W. Marks2, Jochen Kolb1, Gregor Markl2, Benjamin F. Walter1
1Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany; 2University of Tübingen, Germany
GeoKarlsruhe 2021
Greenland, Russia