The Berlin Declaration from 2003 was the starting point for Open Access to scholarly publications. Today, however, we speak about Open Science that reaches far beyond Open Access and represents collaborative, transparent and accessible research that includes all kinds of research results: scholarly literature, research data, software, samples, instruments, etc. In addition, efforts such as the FAIR Principles and the Enabling FAIR Data Commitment Statement, combined with increasing demands for machine accessibility to data, have raised user expectations towards the capabilities of research data repositories and datacentres. These repositories are often key partners supporting researchers in fulfilling the new requirements. This presentation will draw the line from major statements and requirements of Open Science, delineate the role of research data repositories as well as major research infrastructures, like the fNFDI4Earth or EPOS (European Plate Observing System) are additional players in making research data accessible in harmonised form.